The world is changing, and so does our planet. Pollution is a very high price to pay for evolution, but that will not stop the cities of the world to keep polluting the planet. Waste management, air pollution, hospital service and the presence of infectious disease, medical supplies, and water potability measure the dirtiness of the cities. In this article, I have compiled the list of ten dirtiest cities in the world.
10: PORT AU PRINCE, HAITI: This city is located in the Caribbean and it is the capital of Haiti. The population of the metropolitan area has over three million people, which is nearly a half of the country’s population. The population of Port au prince produces 5000 tons of solid waste daily, and some sources estimate that the public service collects only about 7% of that garbage.
9: MEXICO CITY, MEXICO: Mexico City is the capital of Mexico. One of the most important financial centers in the Americas, it is located in the Valley of Mexico, with a population of over 22 million people. The city is notorious for its traffic and air pollution. The most dangerous period with severe air pollution is between November and May when the toxic smog is estimated to be the cause of deaths of tens of thousands of people.
8: ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA: Addis Ababa, the capital city of Ethiopia, is an African city with a population around four million people. Since most people do not have access to a hygienic toilet, the waste is dispersed in the environment, which ultimately leads to the development of infectious diseases, a spike in infant mortality rate, and a low life expectancy. The city is facing one of the worst sanitations problems in the world.
7: MUMBAI, INDIA: Mumbai, or Bombay (official name until 1995), is the capital of the Indian state Maharashtra. With a population of around 19 million, Mumbai is the ninth most populous agglomeration in the world and the second most populous in India. The city is extremely noisy. Its residents have poor garbage disposal services, low-quality water, and the one thing that makes it one of the dirtiest cities in the world – severe air pollution.
6: BAGHDAD, IRAQ: Located along the Tigris River, the capital of the Republic of Iraq is the second largest city in the Arab world (after Cairo, Egypt). The population of the city is over nine million. In 2012, Baghdad was listed as one of the least hospitable places to live on the planet. Among other issues, one of the biggest problems of Iraq’s capital is the poor quality of water, which leads to water-borne diseases that cause serious health problems and lead to many life losses.
5: NEW DELHI, INDIA: New Delhi serves as the capital and seat of Government of India and as the seat of Government of Delhi. Established in 1911 and designed by British architects, the city has a population of about 17 million people. Due to the city being so overcrowded, public urination and piles of garbage are not rare occasions on the streets. One of the major problems for tourists is accommodation, as most of the hotels are dirty and lack proper heat and air conditioning.
4: MOSCOW, RUSSIA: The largest city in Russia, with a population around 13 million people, Moscow is the capital of the Russian Federation. A lot of factories and cars have made air pollution a big problem for Moscow’s residents and placed the Russian capital, the only European city in this list, among the dirtiest cities in the world.
3: LOME, TOGO: Lome is located in the west part of the African continent. Waste management has been one of the main causes of the area’s health hazards. Without access to clean water, the city is fighting against water-borne infectious diseases. On top of that, the inhabitants are drinking water from polluted sources.
2: LUANDA, ANGOLA: Another African city on our list scored in the top two of the dirtiest cities in the world. Luanda is also known as one of the most expensive cities. Lately recovering from a cholera outbreak, the city has reached the world’s highest fatality rate caused by the disease with over 2000 deaths. In only one year, there were 77 reported fatalities caused by cholera. Most of the problems are caused by the dangerous water the residents drink.
1: PORT-HARCOURT, NIGERIA: With a population of around 1.5 million people, Port Harcourt is the dirtiest city in the world. This city in Nigeria has one of the biggest issues with disease caused by water pollution and bad waste management. Many companies based in Port Harcourt dump their waste in the river Aba, which runs across southern Nigeria. In the city’s main airport, the arrivals lounge is basically a tent. Moreover, the airport has serious problems with air conditioning, seating, and customer service.